Rabu, 09 Mei 2012

Gunung Padang megalithic sites: the Temple of the Sun SUNDAPURA

Gunung Padang megalithic sites: the Temple of the Sun SUNDAPURA
Gunung Padang in Cianjur is a very old site (megaliths), which was built by the ancestors of the Supreme Galuh (* Net), they put the Padang as a mountain and set up a shrine or a "temple" which is generally called "Sundapura" (the shrine of the Sun).The term "Padang" is derived from a few syllables, namely:- Pa = Place- Da = Large / Gede / General / Kingdom- Hyang = grandparent / ancestors / Biyang / Great AncestorSo does the word "Padang" is the Great Place of the Patriarchs, or perhaps it means the Great Place of the Patriarchs.The existence of the "field" in the mountains Padang is inseparable from the existence Parahyang based in West Java, so the mountain is part of Parahyang Padang which means it is;- Pa = Place- Ra = Sun- Hyang = grandparent / ancestors / Biyang / Great AncestorMuch less significance (meaning) is "Where the Sun Ancestors" or "Place of the Ancestors of the Sun" which is characterized by the presence of the great temples of Mount Parang (Pa-Ra-Hyang) in Jati Luhur - Purwakreta. Presumably all forms of temple gates and gate keratuan (palace) archipelago that existed at the time it refers to the basic shape of Mount Parang in Jati Luhur - Crete Purwa this (?) ... (* Need diteliiti more info)
Ancient Musical Cianjur megalithic sites of the largest in AsiaA collection of articles from various sources
 
On August 15, 2009, I had the opportunity to follow the "Megalithic Site Tour Mount Padang". The site is located in the village of Gunung Padang Karyamukti, District Campaka, Cianjur. That said, according to archaeologists, the site is the largest megalithic sites in Southeast Asia. In the title of this article, I added a question mark at the end of the sentence the title because it still requires further evidence to assure that the site of Mount Padang is the largest megalithic sites in Southeast Asia.Fun, "Megalithic Sites Tour Mount Padang" begins with economics majors Bandung train - Cianjur. Bandung train line - Cianjur is the oldest railway line, which began operation in 1884. Along these lines, there are a lot of potential for the formation of Lake Bandung geowisata Purba. Fortunately, the tour leader and interpreter is a geologist, so, along the journey by train, we get an explanation about a variety of geological phenomena which follow. Actually, not only the participants who followed the tour of this explanation, when Mr Blake-interpreter-showed something outside the window, the other passengers-plus seller, passing by the window, too, looked into each ...
Figure 1 atmosphere of Bandung train economy - which brings tour participants CianjurBandung path - Cianjur is a very lonely path because it only serves one rail route, the Bandung - Cianjur - Bandung, departing from London at 08:10, and again from Cianjur 14.00. Because the quiet track, trains Bandung - Cianjur can stop almost at every railway station in its path.The tour itself off at the station Cipeuyeum. London trip - Cipeuyeum station reached within 1.5 hours. Cipeuyeum station is a station on the outskirts of Cianjur. There we were picked up by the bus that would take us to the site of Mount Padang. The journey from the station to Mount Padang Cipeuyeum be completed in about 1 hour and 45 minutes, but our first stop at stations that have Lampegan railway tunnel which was also old.
Figure 2 Station Cipeuyeum, CianjurLampegan station is currently under construction to be operated again in 2010. Lampegan railway tunnel was built over the past three years, since the year 1879 to 1882. This information is listed above the mouth of the tunnel. Entering the tunnel, it was dark and coolness that we feel. Only about 10 minutes we were in the tunnel because the tunnel was under renovation.
Figure 3 Lampegan Tunnel, old tunnel that was built over three yearsOur journey continued to the site of Mount Padang. Exactly 15 minutes, we arrived at the tea plantation owned by PTPN VIII Panyairan located around the site of Mount Padang. The trip must be stopped in there because the bus that we use, do not allow to go up to the foot of Gunung Padang. Smaller vehicles can directly get to the foot of Gunung Padang.
Figure 4 From the tea plantations Penyairan is climbing to the Padang Mountain site beganFrom here we walk about 1 km, actually this is not a problem as we walk through the tea plantations of the scenery was beautiful, but because it was almost noon, so it feels a bit hot.After climbing through the streets, down, up again, we finally arrived at the foot of Gunung Padang about an hour later. Because it was noon, we decided to eat lunch before continuing the climb to Mount Padang site. Tasty ..., lunch provided by the community is typical Sundanese food, namely liwet rice, salted fish, fried chicken, fried carp Pepes, and do not miss Karedok.
Figure 5 The trip hike to the foot of Gunung PadangAfter a moment of rest and prayer, we began to 'climb' to the site of Mount Padang. To reach the site of Mount Padang, there are two alternative roads. The first alternative is the main road, climbing about 370 steps with a sharp slope, close to 40 degrees. The second alternative is to climb about 500 steps with a more gentle slope. We decided to take the main road a short distance and made of native rock, albeit with a sharper slope.
Figure 6 The entrance site of Mount Padang, on the left side there are stairs to the siteOne by one we climb the stairs. Rungs are composed of stones shaped transverse mounted polygonal columns. With a little out of breath, finally 15 minutes later, we arrived at the site of Mount Padang. Woww ...! K landscape front and back really amazing!
Figure 7 trip to climb about 370 stairs and behind the sceneGunung Padang site consists of five courts (can also be a 7 yard if certain parts are considered as a yard below). Each of these higher courts are approximately 50-cm of the previous court.Some tour participants are exhausted directly into the grass lay down once he was in the first courtyard. The first courtyard is a courtyard with a small gate which is formed by columns of stone that stood face to face. In the first courtyard there are stone-gray stone-shaped columns are neatly arranged to form a rectangular space. Rocks on Mount Padang is a rock type basaltic andesite magma that is the result of freezing on the environment remains of ancient volcanoes in the Early Pleistocene era, around 2-1 million years ago. Due to the influence of natural processes, these rocks form itself into polygonal columns of a square, five, six, eight, whose surface is so fine that many people who think rock is the result of human hands antiquity.
Figure 8 the Court of first site of Mount PadangMegalithic architects who are estimated to live about 6000 years ago, stone columns set into a building staircase steps are very beautiful. Unfortunately, the location of these rocks are now many irregular, lay abandoned. According to Mr. Dadi, officials at the site of Mount desert, before it is considered to have high cultural value, Gunung Padang is a source of timber for wood-seekers. Many large trees that grow here and felled timber seekers. In addition, Mount Padang has also been used as a farm by the local community. Harvesting and transport of trees and farming was the one who changed the position of the rocks from their original position. Fortunately, there are still some rocks neatly arranged in their original position so that cultural values ​​are not just disappear.In the first courtyard, there is a polygon-shaped rock called the rock ensemble. That said, in ancient times, from Gunung Padang direction is often heard the sounds of the gamelan every Tuesday evening and Friday evening. Until now only the occasional sound of the gamelan sounds, defeated by the sounds from other sound sources are more modern, such as TVs, radios and vehicles. One of the officers who escorted us, playing the gamelan rock, there was a Sundanese traditional music from the blows of small stones on the rock ensemble. The Sundanese traditional artists such as singer, puppeteer, is said to frequent prayer here before doing the show.
Figure 9 Stone gamelan is played by our guide, Mr. NanangAt the next court, Mr. Dadi, showed us a stone with an overdraft that resembles the shape of your foot sized tiger.
In the next yard, carrying a stone there. According to Mr. Dadi, if anyone managed to lift the stone carrying, then all his wishes will come true. Curious, I tried to lift the stones. Apparently, saangaat weight! Several times I tried, not even once the stone was lifted by me. Some of the other tour participants also tried to carry the stone, but no single person who works, including Mr. Dadi ....!!
In the court of the fifth, there are places that are considered to have the most powerful aura in Mount Padang. In this place there is a small hole in the ground covered by polygonal stones. According to Mr. Dadi, the hole is large initially, and even human beings can enter into it, but to avoid things that harm the visitors, the hole was partially covered by it. This is where people who believe in the mystical power of Gunung Padang meditate to get success and the success he wanted.
When referring to the history of West Java, Gunung Padang is thought to be one of the principal which was discovered by a prince who ventured to explore the Kingdom of Sunda sacred places in Java and Bali in about the 15th century. That said, the goal is to improve the way science has.This prince is a prince who earned the nickname Bujangga Manik. From his travels, Bujangga Manik has recorded about 450 geographical names still largely recognizable today. Notes in the pages of the papyrus now in the Museum tersimpang Bodleian, Oxford, England. Of note is known that Bujangga Manik had made preparations for his spiritual journey into Nirvana at the principal place of discovery in the upper reaches of the Cisokan, Cianjur. Although there is no certainty in which the principal in the Upper River, called by Bujangga Cisokan Manik, but the only place in the upstream principal Cisokan River - Cikondang, Cianjur is Gunung Padang.It seems, there are many stories of high value that can be extracted from the site of Mount Padang. This of course needs the support of archaeological and historical researchers. Potential archeology, history, and geology of Mount Padang is still not optimally explored is the natural and cultural richness is very high for Cianjur, and even to Indonesia.We sit around enjoying the breeze and swapping stories about the possibilities of geological and cultural history in the courts of this site to five until late afternoon. We then fell back to the foot of Gunung Padang. This time, we have taken a more gentle slope so that we get more experience intact. This can be seen through the side of Mount Padang sites formed from the stack (possibly) thousands of these polygonal stone. Wow, really impressive ...I would definitely come back here. See you again, Gunung Padang?Shuttle introduction to megalithic sites mountain meadow


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Posted by dede officer at 1:12 PM 0 commentsSubmit via EmailBlogThis! TwitterBerbagi to Facebook Share toMonday, May 7, 2012

Posted by dede hero at 23:06 AM 0 commentsSubmit via EmailBlogThis! TwitterBerbagi to Facebook Share toMegalitikim beautiful areas of the site's natural journey would make us forget the fatigue that we do day-to-day access to unique and exciting journey with a diversity of wildlife living in their habitat will be hooked tuk make tourists visit megalithic sites.
historical tour of fun and make people proud Cianjur proud heritage of our ancestors





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Posted by dede hero at 21:31 AM 0 commentsSubmit via EmailBlogThis! TwitterBerbagi to Facebook Share toGunung Padang megalithsGunungpadang site is the site of prehistoric megalithic cultural heritage in West Java. Precisely located on the border hamlet and Panggulan Gunungpadang, Karyamukti Village, District Campaka, Cianjur. Vast complex "building" approximately 900 m², situated at an altitude of 885 m above sea level, and the site area is about 3 ha, making it the largest terraces punden complex in Southeast Asia.

DiscoveryThe first reports about the existence of this site are loaded on the van de Oudheidkundige Rapporten Dienst (ROD, "Bulletin of Department of Antiquities") in 1914. Dutch historian, N. J. Krom also been alluded to in 1949. Having had "forgotten", in 1979 three local residents, Endi, Soma, and Abidin, reporting to Edi, inspectors Campaka Cultural District, the existence of a square pile of stones of various sizes are arranged in a place with staircase leading to the Mount Gede [1]. Furthermore, together with the Head of Cultural Section of the Ministry of Education Culture Cianjur, R. Adang Suwanda, he held a check. As follow-up study of archeology, history, and geology Arkenas Research Center conducted in 1979 on this site.Location of the site is hilly steep and difficult to reach. Complexity of the elongated, covering the surface of a hill bordered by rows of large rectangular blocks of andesite. The site is surrounded by valleys are very deep [1]. It previously had been hallowed by the local residents. [2] The people regard it as a place of King Siliwangi, the king of Sunda, trying to build a palace in the night.Function is estimated Gunungpadang site is a place of worship for the people who settled there in about 2000 years BC [2] and the results Rolan Mauludy Hokky Situngkir suggest a possible involvement of some of the stone megaliths of music that exist [3]. Gunungpadang Besides, there are some other site that is a relic Cianjur megalithic period.Bujangga Manik manuscript from the 16th century mention a place "kabuyutan" (where the ancestors were honored by the Sundanese) in Ci dissimulation upstream, the river is known to disgorge around this place [4]. According to legend, the site Gunungpadang a regular meeting place (probably annual) all heads of Sundanese traditional Kuna. Currently the site is also still used by indigenous religious groups Sunda to worship.Footnotes

    
^ Ab Heritage Site Age megaliths on Mount Padang Kian Abandoned. kapanlagi.com Edition September 8, 2005
    
^ A b Jafar M. Prints. Staring at the "Old Indonesia" in Mount Padang. Between online. Issue 17 September 2009
    
^ Rolan Mauludy and Musical Tradition in Hokky Situngkir Megalithic Site of Indonesian Gunung Padang?
    
^ Budi Brahmantyo. Megalithic Sites majestic Gunung Padang. People's minds. January 20, 2006 edition.
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